Neglecting to fund trusts is a surprisingly common mistake, and one that can undo the best estate and tax plans. Many people put it on the back burner, then forget about it, says the article “Don’t Overlook Your Trust Funding” from Forbes.
Done properly, trust funding helps avoid probate, provides for you and your family in the event of incapacity and helps save on estate taxes.
Creating a revocable trust gives you control. With a revocable trust, you can make changes to the trust while you are living, including funding the trust, i.e. retitleing your assets into the name of your trust. Think of a trust like an empty box—you can put assets in it now, or after you pass. If you transfer assets to the trust now, however, your executor won’t have to do it when you die.
Note that if you don’t put assets in the trust while you are living, those assets could go through the probate process which is what you were trying to avoid by setting up the trust. While the executor will have the authority to transfer assets, they’ll have to get court approval. That takes time and costs money. It is best to do it while you are living. The better option is to fund your trust while you are alive so that after you pass your Trustee can immediately begin administering it without court oversight.
A trust helps if you become incapacitated. You may be managing the trust while you are living, but what happens if you die or become too sick to manage your own affairs? If the trust is funded and a successor trustee has been named, the successor trustee will be able to manage your assets and take care of you and your family. If the successor trustee has control of an empty, unfunded trust, a conservatorship may need to be appointed by the court to oversee assets unless you also have a power of attorney. Often, using a power of attorney your agent can transfer assets to your trust. Save them the effort and transfer the assets yourself.
There’s a tax benefit to trusts. For married people, trusts are often created that contain provisions for estate tax savings that defer estate taxes until the death of the second spouse. Income is provided to the surviving spouse and access to the principal during their lifetime. The children are usually the ultimate beneficiaries. However, the trust won’t work if it’s empty.
Depending on where you live, a trust may benefit you with regard to state estate taxes (California currently has no state estate taxes). Putting money in the trust allows you to plan (depending on the terms of the trust) to save estate taxes in the future. You’ll need to work with an estate planning attorney to ensure that the assets are properly structured. For instance, if your assets are owned jointly with your spouse, they will not pass into a trust at your death and won’t be outside of your taxable estate.
Move the right assets to the right trust. It’s very important that any assets you transfer to the trust are aligned with your estate plan. Taxable brokerage accounts, bank accounts and real estate are usually transferred into a trust. Tangible assets (personal property) is usually transferred into the trust, as well as any stocks from a family business or interests in a limited liability company. Your estate planning attorney, financial advisor and insurance broker should be consulted to avoid making expensive mistakes. Retirement plans (401(k)s, IRAs) are not allowed to be transferred to trusts.
You’ve worked hard to accumulate assets and protecting them with a trust is a good idea. Just don’t forget the final step of funding the trust.
One of the main goals of our law practice is to help families like your plan for safe, problem free, and successful transfer of assets to the next generation. Call our office today to schedule a time for us to review your estate plan and identify the best strategies for you and your family to ensure your legacy of love and financial security. Our office is located in Santa Ana, CA but we serve all of California including Irvine, Orange, Tustin, Newport Beach, and Anaheim.
Reference: Forbes (July 13, 2020) “Don’t Overlook Your Trust Funding”